Passover Service (Seder)
New to Passover?
Choose one of the below options:
Items needed for each person to perform this Seder
We eat this Passover with sandals on our feet, staff in hand and a rope or belt around our waist. This symbolizes our willingness to quickly leave Egypt (the bonds of this world) and the sin which had enslaved us.
According to scripture, it is wise to have a regular meal prior to the service
1 Corinthians 11:20 - When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Master's supper. 21 For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken. 22 What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of Elohim, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.
34 And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.
Washing of Feet
There are a number of references in scripture which show that the washing of the feet was a common act on entering the tent or house after a journey.
Genesis 18:1 - Then Yahweh appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamre, as he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day.
2 So he lifted his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing by him; and when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the ground,
3 and said, "My Master, if I have now found favor in Your sight, do not pass on by Your servant.
4 "Please let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree.
5 "And I will bring a morsel of bread, that you may refresh your hearts. After that you may pass by, inasmuch as you have come to your servant." They said, "Do as you have said."
In ancient times, sandals were worn. In light of this, we could see a need for one to have the dust and dirt from their feet to be cleaned off before entering a home. In the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, it states:
“In the case of ordinary people, the host furnished the water, and the guests washed their own feet, but in the richer houses, the washing was done by a slave. It was looked upon as a lowly service (1 Sam 25:41).”
This may help us to understand why Yahushua chose one of the lowliest of services to demonstrate the importance of humbly serving one another.
Luke 7:36 - Then one of the Pharisees asked Him to eat with him. And He went to the Pharisee's house, and sat down to eat.
37 And behold, a woman in the city who was a sinner, when she knew that Yahushua sat at the table in the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster flask of fragrant oil,
38 and stood at His feet behind Him weeping; and she began to wash His feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hair of her head; and she kissed His feet and anointed them with the fragrant oil.
39 Now when the Pharisee who had invited Him saw this, he spoke to himself, saying, "This man, if He were a prophet, would know who and what manner of woman this is who is touching Him, for she is a sinner."
40 And Yahushua answered and said to him, "Simon, I have something to say to you." So he said, "Teacher, say it."
41 "There was a certain creditor who had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty.
42 "And when they had nothing with which to repay, he freely forgave them both. Tell Me, therefore, which of them will love him more?"
43 Simon answered and said, "I suppose the one whom he forgave more." And He said to him, "You have rightly judged."
44 Then He turned to the woman and said to Simon, "Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave Me no water for My feet, but she has washed My feet with her tears and wiped them with the hair of her head.
45 "You gave Me no kiss, but this woman has not ceased to kiss My feet since the time I came in.
46 "You did not anoint My head with oil, but this woman has anointed My feet with fragrant oil.
47 "Therefore I say to you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she loved much. But to whom little is forgiven, the same loves little."
In Yahushua’s gentle rebuke, we see Him encouraging this act of humbleness and service. We see it again in John 13 where Yahushua washes the feet of His disciples on the night of Pesach (Passover):
John 13:1 - Now before the feast of the Passover, when Yahushua knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.
2 And supper being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray Him,
3 Yahushua, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from Elohim and was going to Elohim,
4 rose from supper and laid aside His garments, took a towel and girded Himself.
5 After that, He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded.
6 Then He came to Simon Peter. And Peter said to Him, "Master, are You washing my feet?"
7 Yahushua answered and said to him, "What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will know after this."
8 Peter said to Him, "You shall never wash my feet!" Yahushua answered him, "If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me."
We see here that Kepha (Peter) is amazed that Yahushua would even want to wash his feet. Because it is such a lowly service, he at first refuses to let Yahushua wash his feet. But then Yahushua says something interesting, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me”. What could this mean? Let’s look further:
John 13:1:9 - Simon Peter said to Him, "Master, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!"
10 Yahushua said to him, "He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you."
11 For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, "You are not all clean."
One interpretation would be this: We are made clean in our baptism. Once we are cleansed, there is the potential of our feet being dirtied by the world’s influence as we walk this journey.
When we are cleansed in Yahushua the Messiah, our feet gathers the dust of the world and we are in need of rest and cleansing. We as brothers need to bear one another's burdens, washing each other's feet in Yahushua, helping one another overcome the world, which continually seeks to defile us. Yahushua in each one of us cleanses those stains. So the washing of one another’s feet appears to be symbolic of Yahushua’s cleansing of those stains. Yahushua said, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with me.” We need Yahushua’s cleansing:
John 13:12 - So when He had washed their feet, taken His garments, and sat down again, He said to them, "Do you know what I have done to you?
13 "You call me Teacher and Master, and you say well, for so I am.
14 "If I then, your Master and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet.
15 "For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you.
16 "Most assuredly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him.
17 "If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them.
Because Yahushua came as a Servant to all of us, we have cleansing. It takes the heart of a servant to reach out and cleanse another. In the washing of each other’s feet, we learn and participate in His humble service.
At this time, wash one another’s feet. Choose someone in the group to participate in this service with.
The Master’s Supper
We, as believers, are Israel. Egypt represents the sin laden world and all its glory. We were in bondage, in slavery to the adversary while in our sins. Satan is the ruler and god of this world. Satan also tries to destroy the predestined children of Israel (us) lest we be large in number. The taskmasters, perhaps symbolic of demons, afflicted those in bondage. We were also afflicted of our sins.
Yahweh heard the cry of the children of Israel who wanted to be delivered from their bondage.
Exod 3:7 - And Yahweh said: "I have surely seen the oppression of My people who [are] in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows.
We also knew the bondage that sin had brought upon us. We too, cried out to Yahweh. Yahweh delivered us in the same manner as He delivered Israel from their bondage.
Pharaoh did not want to let them go out of Egypt. The same is true of the adversary who does not want us to serve Yahweh but wants us to remain in sin and in bondage. Pharaoh (Satan) tries to prevent people from worshiping Yahweh.
The Egyptians worshiped idols. Yahweh showed His superiority over the dumb idols by sending 10 plagues. With the first plague, the water coming from the Nile river turned into blood for seven days. But Pharaoh would not heed them, as Yahweh had predicted.
In the same way, Yahweh has revealed to us His superiority over the gods of this world whether they be lusts, pride, drugs, money or whatever sins might come between us and Yahweh.
The following plagues were Frogs, Lice, Flies, Disease on their animals, Boils on man and animals, hail, locusts and darkness. In each of the plagues, Yahweh spared the area in Egypt that the Israelites dwelt in. The last plague however, was an important one. Yahweh told Pharaoh through Moshe:
Exod 11:4 - Then Moses said, "Thus says Yahweh: `About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt; 5 `and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who [is] behind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the animals. 6 `Then there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as was not like it [before], nor shall be like it again. 7 `But against none of the children of Israel shall a dog move its tongue, against man or beast, that you may know that Yahweh does make a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.'
Yahushua the Messiah is referred to as the "Lamb of Elohim". Even before His ministry, He was spiritually called the Lamb of Yahweh.
John 1:29 - The next day John saw Yahushua coming toward him, and said, "Behold! The Lamb of Elohim who takes away the sin of the world!
Other times in scripture, Yahushua is referred to as "The Lamb". Here is one of them:
Rev 5:11 - Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands, 12 saying with a loud voice: "Worthy is the Lamb who was slain To receive power and riches and wisdom, And strength and honor and glory and blessing!"
Furthermore, Yahushua is called the "Passover":
1Cor 5:7 - Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed the Messiah, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.
In the washing of one another’s feet, we were preparing our hearts
to have the kind of humble heart needed to partake of the Messiah, our Passover.
We will now read Exodus 12:
Exodus 12:1 - Now Yahweh spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
2 "This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.
3 "Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: 'On the tenth day of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household.
4 'And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man's need you shall make your count for the lamb.
5 'Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
6 'Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight.
So we see that on the tenth day of the month of Abib, the lamb was to be set aside from Yahushua the Messiah entered Jerusalem and was often examined and questioned. He was found to be without blemish and they killed Him on Abib 14.
Exodus 12:7 - 'And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it.
8 'Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
At this time we will partake of the bitter herbs (myrrh), in remembrance of the bitterness of sin that we endured when we were in bondage (Exodus 1:14)
Exod. 1:13 - So the Egyptians made the children of Israel serve with rigor.
14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage-- in mortar, in brick, and in all manner of service in the field. All their service in which they made them serve was with rigor.
Therefore, we partake of the bitter herbs along with the Passover Lamb as instructed in Exodus. It was our own worldliness and Egypt-like behavior that brought about the need for Yahushua's death.
At this time, take and eat a portion of the bitter herbs.
The children of Israel were also instructed in this manner:
Exodus 12:9 - 'Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire -- its head with its legs and its entrails.
10 'You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire.
11 'And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is Yahweh's Passover.
For this reason, we will partake of Yahushua the Messiah (our Passover) in haste and with a belt on our waist, sandals on our feet and a staff in our hand. This is to signify the haste in which we must depart from the sin and bondage that previously enslaved us.
Exodus 12:12 - 'For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am Yahweh.
13 'Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
14 'So this day shall be to you a memorial; and you shall keep it as a feast to Yahweh throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance.
Israel is Yahweh’s firstborn (Exodus 4:22). We (Israel) are also spared by the blood of the Lamb.
Exodus 12:15 - 'Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel.
16 'On the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. No manner of work shall be done on them; but that which everyone must eat -- that only may be prepared by you.
17 'So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your armies out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance.
18 'In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening.
19 'For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land.
20 'You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.' "
21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb.
22 "And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.
23 "For Yahweh will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, Yahweh will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you.
24 "And you shall observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever.
25 "It will come to pass when you come to the land which Yahweh will give you, just as He promised, that you shall keep this service.
26 "And it shall be, when your children say to you, 'What do you mean by this service?'
At this time all the children ask in unison, “What do you mean by service?” An adult will Exodus 13:8 and read verse 27 (the next verse).
Exodus 13:8 - "And you shall tell your son in that day, saying, 'This is done because of what Yahweh did for me when I came up from Egypt.'
Exodus 12:27 - "that you shall say, 'It is the Passover sacrifice of Yahweh, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.' " So the people bowed their heads and worshiped.
An adult may say, "The Messiah is our Passover and we have been spared from death. Yahweh has delivered our households by the blood of the Lamb. There are other homes in our area that do not have the blood of the Lamb. Praise Yahweh for His great deliverance and His great act of love for us. Let’s all bow our heads and worship Yahweh.
Psalm 103: Bless Yahweh, O my soul; and all that is within me bless His holy name!
Exodus 12:28 - Then the children of Israel went away and did so; just as Yahweh had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
29 And it came to pass at midnight that Yahweh struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock.
30 So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
31 Then he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, "Rise, go out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve Yahweh as you have said.
32 "Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also."
33 And the Egyptians urged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste. For they said, "We shall all be dead."
34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes on their shoulders.
35 Now the children of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, and they had asked from the Egyptians articles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing.
36 And Yahweh had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they granted them what they requested. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
When we come to inherit the promised land, it is written that all the wealth of the Gentiles will be ours:
Isa. 60:11-22 - Therefore your gates shall be open continually; They shall not be shut day or night, That men may bring to you the wealth of the Gentiles, And their kings in procession.
12 For the nation and kingdom which will not serve you shall perish, And those nations shall be utterly ruined.
13 "The glory of Lebanon shall come to you, The cypress, the pine, and the box tree together, To beautify the place of My sanctuary; And I will make the place of My feet glorious.
14 Also the sons of those who afflicted you Shall come bowing to you, And all those who despised you shall fall prostrate at the soles of your feet; And they shall call you The City of Yahweh, Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
15 "Whereas you have been forsaken and hated, So that no one went through you, I will make you an eternal excellence, A joy of many generations.
16 You shall drink the milk of the Gentiles, And milk the breast of kings; You shall know that I, Yahweh, am your Savior And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.
17 "Instead of bronze I will bring gold, Instead of iron I will bring silver, Instead of wood, bronze, And instead of stones, iron. I will also make your officers peace, And your magistrates righteousness.
18 Violence shall no longer be heard in your land, Neither wasting nor destruction within your borders; But you shall call your walls Salvation, And your gates Praise.
19 "The sun shall no longer be your light by day, Nor for brightness shall the moon give light to you; But Yahweh will be to you an everlasting light, And your Elohim your glory.
20 Your sun shall no longer go down, Nor shall your moon withdraw itself; For Yahweh will be your everlasting light, And the days of your mourning shall be ended.
21 Also your people shall all be righteous; They shall inherit the land forever, The branch of My planting, The work of My hands, That I may be glorified.
22 A little one shall become a thousand, And a small one a strong nation. I, Yahweh, will hasten it in its time."
Blessed be Yahweh who will hasten its time!
Let's turn our attention now toward the partaking of the Passover.
Knowing that Yahushua is our Passover, let's remember the words of Yahushua as He said:
John 6:48 - "I am the bread of life.
49 "Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and are dead.
50 "This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that one may eat of it and not die.
51 "I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world."
52 The Jews therefore quarreled among themselves, saying, "How can this Man give us His flesh to eat?"
53 Then Yahushua said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in you.
54 "Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.
55 "For My flesh is food indeed, and My blood is drink indeed.
56 "He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him.
57 "As the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so he who feeds on Me will live because of Me.
58 "This is the bread which came down from heaven -- not as your fathers ate the manna, and are dead. He who eats this bread will live forever."
59 These things He said in the synagogue as He taught in Capernaum.
60 Therefore many of His disciples, when they heard this, said, "This is a hard saying; who can understand it?"
61 When Yahushua knew in Himself that His disciples complained about this, He said to them, "Does this offend you?
62 "What then if you should see the Son of Man ascend where He was before?
63 "It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh profits nothing. The words that I speak to you are spirit, and they are life.
So the Word is Spirit, and it is life-giving bread for us. Yahushua is the word of Elohim made flesh:
John 1:14 - And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
We will now read aloud each account of Yahushua's instructions to partake of the bread and fruit of the vine
Mark 14:22 - And as they did eat, Yahushua took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.
23 Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He gave it to them, and they all drank from it.
24 And He said to them, "This is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many.
25 "Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of Elohim.
26 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives."
Matthew 26:26 - And as they were eating, Yahushua took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, "Take, eat; this is My body."
27 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you.
28 "For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
29 "But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father's kingdom.
30 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives."
Luke 22:15 - Then He said to them, "With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer;
16 "for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of Elohim."
17 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, "Take this and divide it among yourselves;
18 "for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of Elohim comes."
19 And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, "This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me."
20 Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.
1 Co. 11:23-28 - For I received from the Master that which I also delivered to you: that the Master Yahushua on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread;
24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, "Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me."
25 In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me."
26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Master's death till He comes.
27 Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Master in an unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and blood of the Master.
28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup.
At this time, take the unleavened bread, give thanks to Yahweh for it and for who it represents (Yahushua), asking Yahweh's blessing on it. Break the bread and pass a piece to each person at the table, then say, "Yahushua has said, 'Take, eat: this is My Body which is broken for you. Do this in remembrance of Me.'" Eat it in haste, Yahushua is our Passover which sacrificed for us.
Note that after partaking of the unleavened bread (which is dry), we thirst. In the same way, when we read the word of Yahweh we see our sin and thus our need for Yahushua's atoning blood (symbolized by the fruit of the vine).
Next take the fruit of the vine, give thanks to Yahweh for it and for who it represents (Yahushua), asking Yahweh's blessing on it. Divide it among each person present for the service, then say, "Yahushua has said, 'This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me. Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you when the kingdom of Elohim comes.'"
Upon completion of partaking the bread and fruit of the vine, bless Yahweh with a song of praise.
Psalm 103: Bless Yahweh, O my soul; and all that is within me bless His holy name!
We will now read and meditate on the words of this awesome Psalm.
"Bless Yahweh, O my soul; And all that is within me, bless His holy name! Bless Yahweh, O my soul, And forget not all His benefits: Who forgives all your iniquities, Who heals all your diseases, Who redeems your life from destruction, Who crowns you with lovingkindness and tender mercies, Who satisfies your mouth with good things, So that your youth is renewed like the eagle's. Yahweh executes righteousness And justice for all who are oppressed. He made known His ways to Moses, His acts to the children of Israel. Yahweh is merciful and gracious, Slow to anger, and abounding in mercy. He will not always strive with us, Nor will He keep His anger forever. He has not dealt with us according to our sins, Nor punished us according to our iniquities. For as the heavens are high above the earth, So great is His mercy toward those who fear Him; As far as the east is from the west, So far has He removed our transgressions from us. As a father pities his children, So Yahweh pities those who fear Him. For He knows our frame; He remembers that we are dust. As for man, his days are like grass; As a flower of the field, so he flourishes. For the wind passes over it, and it is gone, And its place remembers it no more. But the mercy of Yahweh is from everlasting to everlasting On those who fear Him, And His righteousness to children's children, To such as keep His covenant, And to those who remember His commandments to do them. Yahweh has established His throne in heaven, And His kingdom rules over all. Bless Yahweh, you His angels, Who excel in strength, who do His word, Heeding the voice of His word. Bless Yahweh, all you His hosts, You ministers of His, who do His pleasure. Bless Yahweh, all His works, In all places of His dominion. Bless Yahweh, O my soul!"
End with prayer.
| Hebrew Roots of Christianity
| Request printed copy of this page | Search |